Facebook owns a lot of the apps and programs we use on a daily basis. This includes social media app Instagram and message service WhatsApp. Facebook has dipped its toe into almost every single aspect of social media entertainment, including message apps and virtual reality with Oculus. However, there is one platform they still don’t seem to have a handle on and that’s music streaming.
Many wonder if Facebook owns the music streaming service Spotify or if Mark Zuckerberg and his team have any interest in acquiring the brand. So far, it seems that Spotify enjoys its independence.
Facebook owns five different companies.
In 2012, Facebook made its first big purchase with Instagram for $1 billion. The company remained independent up until it was acquired by Facebook for $1 billion in 2012. And while Facebook initially bought Instagram because the photo-sharing company was garnering significant attention from venture capital firms and other investors and they feared that they would lose money from this, some others speculate that now Instagram generates more advertising revenue than its parent company.
Facebook then swooped in and bought message service WhatsApp due to the threat of the program being a potential rival to Facebook's platform. According to Investopedia, when Facebook purchased WhatsApp, it was an independent company that had recently been valued at $1.5 billion. Although it is unclear exactly how much revenue WhatsApp generates, some estimates have it as high as $5 billion.
Spotify went public on the NYSE in 2018.
Spotify was valued at nearly $30 billion when it first debuted on Wall Street. According to CNN, analysts have pinned the price target for the stock at anywhere from $160 to $220 per share in the next 12 months. Spotify had traded as high as $132.50 on the private market, according to a regulatory filing.
When it comes to who actually owns Spotify, the answer is slightly complicated. Rolling Stone reported, “SEC documents show that exactly 65 percent of Spotify was owned by just six parties: the firm’s co-founders, Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon (30.6 percent of ordinary shares between them); Tencent Holdings Ltd. (9.1 percent); and a run of three asset-management specialists: Baillie Gifford (11.8 percent), Morgan Stanley (7.3 percent), and T.Rowe Price Associates (6.2 percent).”
A total of three investment powerhouses owned more than 25 percent of Spotify between them. This fact is also an important consideration when wondering why Spotify makes, at times, controversial decisions, like when they sued songwriters for wanting higher royalties for their songs.
Founders Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon own 77.4 percent of voting power in the company.
Despite Daniel Ek and Martin Lorentzon only owning 30.6 percent of ordinary shares of Spotify, the duo still owns over 77 percent of the voting power when it comes to what happens at the company.
This means that while they may not own a majority stake in their own company due to selling pieces off to major investment firms, they do, however, have a huge say in what happens at the Stockholm-born company.